Ten basic forms of fake news used by major media

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The basic purpose of these ten forms is the presentation of a false picture of reality.

You could find more forms, or divide these ten into sub-categories.

The ten basic forms are:

* Direct lying about matters of fact.

* Leaving out vital information.

* Limited hangout. (This is an admission of a crime or a mistake, which only partially reveals the whole truth. The idea is that by admitting a fraction of what really happened and burying the biggest revelations, people will be satisfied and go away, and the story will never be covered again.)

* Shutting down the truth after publishing it includes failing to follow up and investigate a story more deeply.

* Not connecting dots between important pieces of data.

* Censoring the truth, wherever it is found (or calling it “fake news”).

* Using biased “experts” to present slanted or false “facts.”

* Repeating a false story many times—this includes the echo-chamber effect, in which a number of outlets “bounce” the false story among themselves.

* Claiming a reasonable and true consensus exists, when it doesn’t, when there are many important dissenters, who are shut out from offering their analysis.

* Employing a panoply of effects (reputation of the media outlet, voice quality of the anchor, acting skills, dry mechanical language, studio lighting, overlay of electronic transmissions, etc.) to create an impression of elevated authority which is beyond challenge.

These are all traditional forms and methods.

Here’s an example of a big story that deployed all ten forms of fake news: the Swine Flu pandemic of 2009.

In the spring of 2009, the World Health Organization ( elevated authority beyond challenge) announced that Swine Flu was a level-6 pandemic its highest category of “danger.” In fact, there were only 20 confirmed cases at the time ( direct lying about “danger”). And W.H.O. quietly changed the definition of “level-6” so widespread death and damage were no longer required ( another aspect of direct lying).

The story was, of course, picked up by major media outlets all over the world ( echo chamber effect, fake consensus, never connected dots re W.H.O. lies), and quite soon, Swine Flu case numbers rose into the thousands ( direct lying, as we’ll soon see).

Medical experts were brought in to bolster the claims of danger ( biased experts; important dissenters never given space to comment ).

In the early fall of 2009, Sharyl Attkisson, then a star investigative reporter for CBS News, published a story on the CBS News website. She indicated that the CDC had secretly stopped counting the number of Swine Flu cases in America. No other major news outlet reported this fact ( omitting vital information).

Attkisson discovered the reason the CDC had stopped counting: the overwhelming number of blood samples taken from the most likely Swine Flu patients were coming back from labs with: no trace of Swine Flu or any other kind of flu. Therefore, a gigantic hoax was revealed. The pandemic was a dud, a fake.

Despite Attkisson’s efforts, CBS never followed up on her story ( shutting down the truth after exposing it). Never probed the lying by the CDC (failure to connect dots). In a sense, CBS turned Attkisson’s story into a limited hangout— a further investigation would have uncovered acres of criminal behavior by both the CDC and the World Health Organization, to say nothing of the governments and media outlets that supported these lying agencies. The mainstream press essentially censored Attkisson’s revelations.

Then, about three weeks after CBS published Attkisson’s story, WebMD published a piece in which the CDC claimed that its own ( lying) estimate of 10,000 or so cases of Swine Flu in the US was a gross understatement. Truly, there were 22 MILLION cases of Swine Flu in the US (doubling down on lying). And that was that.

Which leads to an 11th form of fake news: if one lie doesn’t quite fly, tell a much bigger lie .

And these mainstream sources are currently shouting and bloviating about independent media spreading fake news. I guess you could call that number 12 : accusing their opponents of committing the crimes they are, in fact, committing .

This article appeared on Jon Rappoport’s blog.

Russia refuses to ratify Rome Statute as ICC ‘failed to become truly independent’ – RT.com

ICC
Russian President Vladimir Putin has issued a decree refusing to ratify the Rome Statute, the treaty which established the International Criminal Court (ICC). The Foreign Ministry said the ICC has not “lived up to expectations and failed to become a genuinely independent judicial body.”

The presidential decree, published on the official Russian legal information portal, orders the authorities “ to accept the proposal of the Justice Ministry of Russia, coordinated with the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and other federal bodies of executive power, with the Russian Supreme Court, the General Prosecutor of the Russian Federation and the Russian Investigative Committee, [to send] the Secretary General of the United Nations a notice of the Russian Federation’s intention not to become party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. ”

The decree will come into force as soon as it is signed.

The Rome Statute, which entered into effect in 2002, is the basis of the activities of the ICC. It established four core international crimes: genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and the crime of aggression.

Moscow signed the treaty in 2000, but has not ratified it. ICC jurisdiction therefore does not apply to Russia, as well as the United States, China, Israel, Ukraine and a number of other countries.

The United States is not a party to the Rome Statute and does not plan to ratify it. However, the court recently published a report regarding its probe into alleged war crimes of US forces in. Afghanistan. Washington rejected the probe, calling it neither warranted nor appropriate and reminded the ICC that it was “ not a party to the Rome Statute” and therefore “had not consented to ICC jurisdiction.”

According to the Russian Foreign Ministry, Moscow refused to ratify the ICC Statute because the International Criminal Court has not lived up to what was expected of it, especially in terms of it becoming a genuinely independent judicial body.

“Unfortunately the Court failed to meet the expectations to become a truly independent, authoritative international tribunal, ” the ministry said in a statement following the publication of the presidential decree.

“The work of the Court is characterized in a principled way as ineffective and one-sided in different fora, including the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council. It is worth noting that during the 14 years of the Court’s work it passed only four sentences having spent over a billion dollars,” the statement said.

Initially, by signing the Rome Statute Russia expressed approval of the general idea of the ICC.

“The ICC as the first permanent body of international criminal justice inspired high hopes of the international community in the fight against impunity in the context of common efforts to maintain international peace and security, to settle ongoing conflicts and to prevent new tensions.

“Russia has consistently advocating prosecuting those responsible for the most serious international crimes. Our country was at the origins of the Nuremberg and Tokyo tribunals, participated in the development of the basic documents on the fight against genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. These were the reasons why Russia voted for the adoption of the Rome Statute and signed it. ”

However, there are a number of contradictions that exist between separate provisions of the statute and the Constitution of the Russian Federation, which is one of the reasons for Russia’s refusal to ratify the document. They include the mandatory transfer of investigated persons to the ICC, the application of the statute to heads of state and government figures, and the exceptions to the principle of “ne bis in idem,” which states that a person should not be judged twice for the same crime.

Apart from legal discrepancies, Russia has been disappointed by some ICC decisions, including the move to initiate an investigation into the conflict between South Ossetia and Georgia back in 2008. Back then, Georgian forces launched an artillery attack on the South Ossetian capital, Tskhinval. A Russian peacekeeper base and residential districts of the city came under fire, forcing then-Russian President Dmitry Medvedev to order a peace enforcement operation against Georgia.

Despite the fact that the European Commission investigated the conflict and declared that it was started by Georgia, labeling Tbilisi’s actions as unjustified, the ICC decided to open a probe into the conflict last year, focusing on the actions of South-Ossetians and Russian soldiers.

“The Russian Federation cannot be indifferent to the Court’s attitude vis-a-vis the situation of August 2008. The Saakashvili regime’s attack on peaceful Tskhinval, the assassination of the Russian peacekeepers resulted in the Court’s accusations against South-Ossetian militia and Russian soldiers.

Eventual investigation of actions and orders of Georgian officials was left to the discretion of the Georgian justice and remains outside of the focus of the ICC Prosecutor’s office attention. This development speaks for itself. We can hardly trust the ICC in such a situation,” the Foreign Ministry’s statement says.

On Monday, the ICC issued an annual report saying that “the available information suggests that the situation within the territory of Crimea and Sevastopol amounts to an international armed conflict between Ukraine and Russia. ”

Trump’s election, how didn’t I see it coming

Donald Trump
IT’S NOW offficial, atleast it has been for the past few days. Many are still coming to terms with it. Trump emerged winner in the recently held US elections and it has been big news for most media houses since.

A lot has been said about the candidature of the man Donald Trump and more will be said in the weeks and months to come. What is clear is that he has been unlike non before him, or even after, I suppose. We’ll leave that to the forces that shape the past and future.

The election of Trump took me by susprise even with the fact that I had hoped he would win. I think I can now change the tense to present.

The media did a good job of making the masses believe in the possibility of a Clinton win over Trump that is to blame for the present selective demonstrations across the United States. The media has a lot of soul searching to do if it is to regain the trust of the general public.

Music and it’s Effect on the Brain

The will of men at the behest
of a beat

Music on Guitar
FOR MANY centuries it has been a mystery as to why people respond the way they do to music. Little was known and more is yet to be unmasked. Human beings have flirted with different music styles and tastes over the ages, from the days of the Greeks to the Romans rigth to the present day.

Music has taken on different purposes and functions in many civilisations that have existed at different times in history. It has been a means of expression, depending on the nature of the event; to celebrate achievements, mourn a loss, and usher in a season.

Music has always had the ablility to induce reactions and responses in it’s listeners. This has been a subject of investigation by scientists for many years and has led to a multiplicity of breakthroughs.

However, it wasn’t until the invention of modern diagnostic tools like the MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scanners with their ability to detect and monitor brain activity levels, that scientists could better understand the functioning of the brain and most importantly its vast cognitive abilities that make life’s experiences possible.

Modus Operandi
Music has been found to activate brain regions involved in movement, planning, attention and memory.

On Stage Performance

This and a host of other findings has helped to entrench music, and it’s use, the more in daily life as it’s effects are more understood and better techniques developed to induce these effects as when desired.

Music is used now more than ever in promotion of new products and services, boost retention of memory, manipulate emotions, and modify behaviour.

For instance, songs are used to enable children memorise and remember learned material better. Words woven together with a beat – songs, have been shown to receive better reception, retained longer and recalled faster than merely spoken words.

Music has been found to over-ride the brain’s protective-seiving mechanism for any incoming messages especially those channeled through the auditory senses. This renders the brain vulnerable to the waves of music that are directed at it as one listens to any piece of music.

It therefore shouldn’t come as a suprise for one to thump their feet or even dance at the sound of one’s favorite song.

Beats of manipulation
The ‘mode of operation’ of music per say isn’t a bad thing. It’s a fact that cannot be ignored. As a matter of fact it points to an attribute of sophistication locked up in nature, a good thing considering the many useful benefits of music.

The risk is, as is always the case and mind you the case now, that this knowledeg is used to propagate a misleading and counterproductive message that only serves the interesest of a select few foe example the promotion of violance in movies.

Any image or animation can be made appealing or ‘cool’ to an audience by the type of music played in the background. The message portrayed in that image or animation is more likely to be adopted or accepted with minimal resistance.

Conclusion
The ability of music to induce ‘desirable’ effects and responces in listeners is one of the beauties of not only music but nature as a whole. It makes life as it is known, possible. However, with this comes a susceptability to any message carried – good or bad – and nature has know this truth for centuries.

Humans have been merely riding on this attribute of nature. They have only come to understand this in the immediate past. More is yet to be unmasked.

Until such a time when a one significantly understands the known effects of listening to music, it’s proper and safe to take caution in all matters pertaining music and musicans as whole, be it secular or gospel, lest ones will be at the behest of a beat.

MANY ON THE FENCE OF CHRISTIANITY AND IT’S NOT THEIR WISH

Pastor Namutebi Imelda
PASTOR Imelda Namutebi of Liberty Worship Centre has pitched camp in Hoima town for the last three days in what will be a week long crusade that started 28 August and is to end on the 4th September. The stage is state-of-the-art with the latest lighting systems, public address system and ofcourse, the energetic, flombouyant well-dressed choir. A full package!

Two-thirds of #Hoima town is within audible range of the crusade grounds thanks to the world class address system.

This crusade is among the few crusades that are organised by Born-again Christian Churchs in Hoima. Most Churchs wait for their ‘flock’ to go to their Churchs. I don’t remember witnessing any other since the start of the year. It’s possible that some crusades might have escaped my radar and so went unnoticed so I leave room for an oversite in my observations. However, that’s not the point.

Many are chosen, few are called

You see going by the Holy book most Christians subscribe to – The Holy Bible – Christians are called to be disciples of Christ and with that calling comes a responsibility of preach the word of God to others – to the world so to speak, to be missionaries.

There are numerous verses that further amplify this mission.

According to the recently carried out national cesnsus, majority of Ugandans claim to be Christians of some form or another; Catholics, Anglicans, Born-agains, Pentecostals, you name it.

With this in mind, I often ask my self whether the fact that many #Ugandans claim to be christians is the sole and major reason why secular content – secular music, movies – are more in circulation that religious related content. One would have to look at the many radio and television stations and the secular programming they offer not to mention the many movies and other forms of entertainment.

Don’t be naïve

Christianity and true Christians in particular view matters in two forms; light or darkness, good or evil, right or wrong. There are two sides to a coin and no middle ground.

If one were pose a question to a random sample of people about how many times they pray or go or church or do anything religious; and then go throught their play list of songs, a big contrast lies therein.

Most go to church on Sundays only if they are spiritual while some attend churh only on major religious days like Easter and Christmas.

In conclusion

The church has considerable ‘market share’ in Uganda. The recent gains in some religions only accounts for dedecutions in other religious groups but not expansion. The crusades are commendable but in their limited nature they are a tiny fraction of the efforts being made by the other side.

Until the other side can be out-matched in terms of out-reach, I don’t expect a major revival or awakening for that matter however with the knowledge that #Jesus turned bread into wine, multiplied five fish and two loaves to feed thousands, anything is possible to they that believe.